Types, duration and how to avoid heart attack
Heart disease is the primary cause of death, although most people identify it with an older, aging population. Heart attacks, strokes, and other types of heart disease, on the other hand, can be age-insensitive, especially when certain factors are involved. Heart attacks are diagnosed by the cardiac enzymes.
Heart attacks are into several types according to severity:
STEMI Heart Attack
It is the most lethal type of heart attack, with a mortality rate of approximately 80%. When a coronary artery is entirely blocked, this condition occurs. Heart attack characterized by an ST-segment elevation A change that detects on an electrocardiogram refers to like this (ECG or EKG). A STEMI heart attack, also known as a severe heart attack, results in a severe reduction in blood supply to the heart. Areas of the heart muscle quickly begin to die as a result of this condition.
NSTEMI Heart Attack
If a coronary artery is significantly constricted but not completely blocked, this type of heart attack can ensue. A non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, or NSTEMI, is a type of heart attack. In contrast to STEMI heart attacks, NSTEMI heart attacks usually cause minimal damage to the heart muscle.
Silent Heart Attack
It’s called a silent heart attack because some people experience a heart attack with just moderate, fleeting symptoms or no symptoms at all. Still, silent heart attacks are far from innocuous, despite the absence of acute symptoms. As a result, it damages the heart muscle permanently. According to Harvard Medical School, silent heart attacks occur for around 45 percent of all heart attacks. (6) Women are more likely to be affected by them than males.
Duration of heart attack:
If you have signs of a heart attack for more than five minutes, you should seek emergency medical treatment. You should not delay treatment by waiting to see whether your symptoms go away before seeking medical attention. There may be continuous harm to your heart, even if your symptoms subside or change in the short term. Within an hour of symptoms, heart muscle injury is less likely to be substantial or long-lasting. Immediate treatments like cardiac enzymes are given. Many people postpone the treatment of a heart attack by several hours, which increases the risk of long-term disability or death. For a heart attack, you may need to be hospitalized for several days or longer, depending on the severity of your condition.
Avoid heart attack:
A healthy lifestyle and the management of specific risk factors can help you prevent a heart attack. You should monitor your blood pressure, cholesterol, and weight to determine whether any of these are at an unsafe level and take appropriate action. Also, if you have diabetes, you must keep your blood sugar under control.
If your doctor believes that you are at risk for a heart attack, they may prescribe certain drugs to lower your risk. As a result, it reduces your blood clotting capacity, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels are improved.